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The Intervention Fund for the Environment (FIE) was established in the first Environmental Code in 1994. The FIE has been renewed in the following two revisions of this code, the latest of which was April 2, 2013.

The Ministry in charge of the Environment implemented after the revision of the code, a participative and concerted process of reflection, with the technical and financial support of the Program of Support to the Forest Sector (PASF) financed by the cooperations Luxembourg and Swedish. This process involved all the players in the Environment sector (public services, private sector, development partners, NGOs and associations, local authorities, etc.). It resulted in drafts of texts in 2014, proposing a state establishment status of the State, in the category of State Funds, for the FIE. The two decrees operationalizing the FIE were then adopted in July 2015 by the Government, paving the way for the concrete implementation of the fund.

At the same time, the Department implemented a so-called "pre-FIE" pilot phase in the Hauts-Bassins, Center-Ouest and then Nord regions. It resulted in two calls for projects in 2013 and 2014, in order to draw the necessary lessons for the efficient implementation of the FIE.

These calls for projects resulted in the financing of 173 projects in 3 administrative regions of the country namely Hauts-Bassins, Center-Ouest and Nord at a cost of about two billion (2,000,000,000) F. CFA.

Since the objective of the FIE is to contribute to the achievement of Burkina's environmental objectives, pre-FIE results make it possible to inform the Ministry's indicators. A related study conducted in 2017 allows us to say that:

  • Awareness actions reached 31,537 people and training actions 15,586.
  • The forest management activities implemented have consolidated 143889 ha of classified forest and created 178.54 ha of forests.
  • 11 169 ha of land was recovered.
  • 4411 feet of Assisted Natural Regeneration (RNA) were performed.
  • 489 manure pits were built.
  • 752 improved stoves were made.
  • 377,390 plants were planted and maintained.
  • 37 non-timber forest products processing units were built.
  • 2052 people were employed including 1869 women.

After the adoption of the 2015 decrees that made it operational, the FIE gradually set up its bodies and bore full responsibility for a third call for projects in 2017.

The FIE is represented in regions through six (06) Regional Directorates covering the national territory. It's about the :

  • Western Regional Division (in Bobo-Dioulasso) covering the administrative regions of Hauts-Bassins, Cascades and Sud-Ouest
  • West-Central Regional Directorate (in Koudougou) covering the administrative regions of Mouhoun and Center-Ouest Loops
  • Northern Regional Directorate (in Ouahigouya) which covers the northern administrative region.
  • Regional Direction of the Center (in Ouagadougou) which covers the administrative regions of the Center, Central Plateau, and South Center.
  • Eastern Regional Directorate (in Fada) which covers the administrative regions of East and Central East.
  • Sahel Regional Directorate (in Dori) covering the North Central and Sahel administrative regions.
The FIE covers 5 major areas of intervention that are defined in its specific statutes. It is :
  1. Environment and living environment, which corresponds to the areas of sanitation, living environment, nuisances and pollution.
  2. Sustainable Management of Forest and Wildlife Resources: Through this area, Burkina will set up the Forest Fund provided for in the 2011 Forest Code (outside the Green Economy and Climate Change integrated in Area 4), including the adaptation to climate change for actions in the forest sector.
  3. Risks and disasters, including the response to natural and industrial risks and disasters for their environmental aspects.
  4. Management of natural resources soil and water, where the FIE aims to make better take into account the environmental dimension in techniques and methods of agricultural production, fisheries or pastoral, or to promote more generally sustainable management of soil resources and water (sustainable land management in particular). This area is particularly involved in adapting to the effects of climate change.
  5. Promotion of sustainable practices in the productive sectors and energy, where the FIE will stimulate the development of investments and techniques taking better account of the environmental dimension, with a view to saving energy or reducing impacts. productive sectors (industry, mining, transport, housing, etc.).

The FIE is also organized in theme funds identical to its main areas of intervention. Within a fund, there are counters that are gateways for promoters to receive funding from the FIE. The FIE attaches great importance and covers actions related to mitigation and adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change. And the National Climate Fund planned for several years will be set up within the FIE through its various areas of intervention. The FIE is consistent and at the service of the new National Adaptation Policy (NAP) to climate change. It contributes to strategic thrust 3 "the implementation of efficient and sustainable financial mechanisms" by putting in place a new financial instrument to sustainably finance adaptation to climate change. The FIE also focuses its priorities for intervention on the priority areas identified by the ANP and the type of adaptation measures considered the most important in the short, medium and long term by the ANP.

The FIE is also an economic tool with positive effects on Burkina Faso's growth, by reducing current trends of environmental degradation and therefore related economic losses. It is also a generator of direct economic development by supporting the development of a green economy, promising sectors or the creation of green jobs. The FIE is also called to be a tool in the service of the national objectives of fight against poverty, thanks to a mode of intervention taking into account the poorest populations and the vulnerable categories, often those most exposed to the degradation of the Environment and Natural Resources. The FIE is also intended as a unifying tool, bringing together existing or planned funds in the Environment sector, in order to rationalize management, reduce costs and eventually have a coordinated vision of sector financing. Thus, through the FIE, the State also sets up the Forest Fund provided for in the Forest Code and the Climate Fund in accordance with the international conventions that have been ratified in the climate field.

The environmental situation in Burkina Faso has become increasingly worrying in recent years. Indeed, whether it is the phenomenon of land degradation, pollution and nuisances, unanimity emerges at the level of the various actors concerning the negative consequences of the strong pressures on natural resources over the last ten years.

Environmental impacts are direct and indirect with loss of natural resource capital, soil erosion, depletion of wildlife and flora, and so on. Burkina Faso's current development is not based on sustainable production and consumption patterns, and this puts at risk the rights of future generations.

The economic impacts are also serious. Environmental damage generates economic inefficiencies estimated at about 20% of GDP, or about 760 billion FCFA per year of losses related to environmental degradation. On a social level, these negative impacts particularly affect the poorest households who derive the majority of their income from agriculture, livestock and natural resources in general.

The priority environmental problems identified in the 3rd State of the Environment Report in Burkina Faso are:

  • climate change;
  • land degradation;
  • the degradation of the potential for water resources;
  • the unsustainable energy system;
  • urban environment problems;
  • the erosion of biodiversity.

An analysis of the causes of these problems shows a lack of funding for environmental actions. Although the budget of the Ministry of the Environment has increased slightly in recent years, there is still an average deficit of more than 100 billion FCFA / year for programs related to the environment and natural resources. .

However, Burkina Faso currently has only two main sources of funding for the Environment: on the one hand, the State budget, insufficient, absorbed to a large extent by the administration's operating expenses and not very flexible. On the other hand, external financing marked by their limited duration (projects and programs of 3 to 5 years) and sometimes the complexity or cumbersome procedures. The existing funds in the sector, outside the budget of the administrations, are non-existent or with very weak resources. The part of the budgets of the Territorial Communities devoted to the environment and natural resources is very small.

It is aware of this situation that the Government of Burkina Faso has operationalized the Environment Intervention Fund, established by the various Environmental Codes for 20 years, by the DECREE N ° 2015-838 / PRES-TRANS PM / MEF / MERH of July 13, 2015.

The sources of financing of the FIE are:

  1. Existing or Planned Taxes and Charges (Ecological Debt)
  2. State subsidies
  3. External grants
  4. International Mechanisms: Environment, Climate, Forest, Biodiversity, ...
  5. Components of projects / programs

The FIE now benefits from State grants (operating and service funds) and financial support from Luxembourg and Sweden. Collaborations exist with the World Bank for the implementation of the Integrated Municipal Development Projects (PDIC) and with the African Development Bank (ADB) for the Project to Support the Development of the Cashew Nut for REDD + ( PADA / REDD-plus). New international resources, particularly related to Climate Finance, are under discussion.

For the third call for projects, the grant ceilings were:

  • 20 million FCFA for the Territorial Communities;
  • 10 million FCFA for the other promoters.

This is the ceiling (maximum) of the grant awarded by the FIE for a promoter project. This ceiling does not take into account the contribution of the promoter. Thus a project of a grouping can amount to 15 million FCFA, of which 10 million FCFA maximum of subsidy and 5 million FCFA of own contribution.

A minimum contribution is requested from each promoter. It is calculated in% on the total amount of the project. This is a minimum contribution, the sponsor can provide more than the minimum contribution. A contribution lower than the required minimum results in the rejection of the file.

Depending on the case, the sponsor's contribution may be in cash, in consideration or in kind.

A cash contribution means the actual mobilization of money in a bank account dedicated to the FIE project.

A contribution in return means that the promoter mobilizes men / day of his staff or part of his fuel endowment, or concedes the temporary use of his own usual means of work (rolling stock, computers, sound equipment, meeting room). meetings, etc.) for the purposes of the FIE project.

A contribution in kind means that the promoter will provide materials or labor.